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Sunday, July 12, 2020 | History

3 edition of Federal and state authority to regulate radioactive waste disposal and transportation found in the catalog.

Federal and state authority to regulate radioactive waste disposal and transportation

Federal and state authority to regulate radioactive waste disposal and transportation

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Published by Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress in [Washington, DC] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Radioactive waste disposal -- Law and legislation -- United States,
  • Radioactive waste disposal -- Law and legislation -- United States -- States,
  • Radioactive wastes -- Transportation -- Law and legislation -- United States,
  • Federal-state controversies -- United States

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Michael V. Seitzinger
    SeriesMajor studies and issue briefs of the Congressional Research Service -- 1983-84, reel 4, fr. 0179
    ContributionsLibrary of Congress. Congressional Research Service
    The Physical Object
    FormatMicroform
    Paginationv, 33 p.
    Number of Pages33
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL15453141M

    To find out if a particular radioactive material is exempt from these rules, contact the Radioactive Materials Division to request a copy of TCEQ regulatory guide RG, "Disposal of Exempt Waste That Contains Radioactive Material.". organizations on transportation of radioactive material and waste. Background on DOE Shipments DOE and its predecessor agencies have maintained a record of safe transportation of radioactive materials for more than 50 years. Of the thousands of shipments, none has resulted in an identifiable injury through release of radioactive Size: KB.

    Section Legislative findings. The General Assembly hereby determines, declares and finds that low-level radioactive wastes are generated within this Commonwealth; that these wastes must be isolated for the full hazardous life of the wastes in order to protect the public health and safety; that the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of requires each state to be. DOT/NRC Radioactive Waste Packaging, Transportation and Disposal Training. Course Description. This course is designed to provide initial introduction and review of the U.S. Department of Transportation’s (DOT) and Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s (NRC) regulations governing the safe transportation and disposal of radioactive materials. The.

    Transporting Nuclear Waste Transporting nuclear waste requires a sturdy container that can shield from radioactivity. A specially designed container called a cask is used. There are different cask types for different purposes, but they all have similar overall design to maximize the containment of radioactivity. A cask is a strong, heavily-shielded, double-walled container. The outer . Purpose: Comprehensive enviornmental statute under which EPA is granted authority to regulate solid and hazardous waste handling, transportation, and disposal 1. System to identify and list hazardous waste 2. Standards for generators and transporters and operators of TSD 3. Permit system to enforce these standards 4.


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Federal and state authority to regulate radioactive waste disposal and transportation Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Federal and state authority to regulate radioactive waste disposal and transportation. [Michael V Seitzinger; Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.]. Federal and State Authority to Regulate Radioactive Waste Disposal and Transportation A There appears to be a growing controversy concerning whether a state has the authority to prevent the federal government from disposing of nuclear wastes within it and transporting nuclear wastes through it.

Federal Limitations on State Power to Regulate Radioactive Waste Rebecca L. Smith to preempt state law. 5 Several federal statutes govern the disposal and transportation statutes will pro-vide a basis for a determination of whether federal regulation preempts a state effort to regulate transportation or disposal of ra-dioactive materials.

(B) defines the status of all commercial low-level radioactive waste disposal sites and includes an evaluation of the license status of each such site, the state of operation of each site, including operating history, an analysis of the adequacy of disposal technology employed at each site to contain low-level radioactive wastes for their hazardous lifetimes, and such recommendations as the.

Provides EPA with the authority to regulate hazardous wastes from "cradle-to-grave" (which includes all aspects from when it is made to when it is disposed and everything in between).

Notification of Regulated Waste Activity (EPA Form ) and RCRA Hazardous Waste Part A. On top of federal laws, each state in the U.S. has unique medical waste disposal regulations and departments with the authority to regulate this disposal.

In the case of OSHA regulations, twenty-nine states have allowed federal OSHA to enforce these programs in their state—but this does not include state environmental, drug enforcement, and. "Transuranic waste." Radioactive waste containing more than kilobecquerels (KBq) ( nanocuries) of alpha-emitting transuranic isotopes per gram of waste with half-lives greater than 20 years, except for high-level waste.

( amended JP.L, No). @article{osti_, title = {The future of high-level nuclear waste disposal, state sovereignty and the tenth amendment: Nevada v.

Watkins}, author = {Swazo, S}, abstractNote = {The federal government`s monopoly over America`s nuclear energy production began during World War II with the birth of the Atomic Age.

During the next thirty years, nuclear waste inventories increased with minor. Enforcement Responsibilities; Federal–State Relationship. Subtitle C of the Solid Waste Disposal Act, as amended by RCRA, directs the EPA to promulgate regulations for the management of hazardous hazardous waste regulations, initially published in May (40 CFR ), control the treatment, storage, transport, and disposal of.

by federal offices. In each state, the responsibility for transportation is typically distributed among: 1. The carrier regulatory agency, such as a public service commission, responsible for authorization of carriers and their rates, 2. The transportation department or highway commission, concerned with regulation of.

Department of Transportation. The United States Department of Transportation (DOT) is a federal cabinet department of the United States government that regulates the transport of hazardous material, which includes radioactive material, through the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration.

DOT and NRC co-regulate the transportation of radioactive material in the United States. The court reviewed the federal statutory scheme for the regulation of radioactive waste, including the Atomic Energy Act, the Low Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act, (42 U.S.C.

) and the HMTA and concluded that Congress intended that the transportation and storage of all materials which pose radiation hazards would be regulated by the Cited by: 3. The Radioactive Materials Section regulates radioactive materials licensees throughout the state of Washington.

A specific license is required to receive, possess, use, transfer, or acquire most radioactive materials. The Radioactive Materials Section charges an annual fee for each license and registration.

Transportation of TRU for Disposal at WIPP Transportation of SNF and HLW to Yucca Mountain Assessing the Nuclear Waste Transportation Regime Conclusion 4 Low-Level Waste Disposal Early Developments The Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act The Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act Amendments Pages: A waste generator, collector, or processor who transports, or offers for transportation, low-level radioactive waste intended for ultimate disposal at a licensed low-level radioactive waste land disposal facility must prepare a Manifest (OMB Control Numbers, and ) reflecting information requested on applicable NRC Forms (Uniform Low-Level Radioactive Waste Manifest.

Disposal Facility Options Introduction RCRA-C Regulated Hazardous Waste Facility Conventional Shallow-Land Disposal for Low-Level Radioactive Waste Low-Activity Waste Disposal at Specifically Authorized Sites Envirocare of Utah, Inc Waste Control Specialists LLC Comparison of. waste storage sites ().The Yucca Mountain site also lacks good existing transportation access, especially rail access.

The NWPA establishes that the federal government is responsible for developing and operating the transportation and disposal programs, and the owners of spent fuel and high-level waste are financially responsible for covering transport and disposal costs (). DOE is cooperating with state governments and private industry to clean up other locations around the United States that were contaminated with radiation as a result of government programs.

DOE also provides technical advice and assistance to states and the private sector in the management and disposal of low-level radioactive waste.

For States, the authority to regulate these wastes -need not necessarily be the hazardous waste authority**^ It could, for instance, be another State authority that controls atl.

radioactive waste, of course that authority, and t*° mechanise implementincj it, must be equivalent to PCPA. 1 The definition* of these materials (see Attachment) are. standard contract for disposal of spent nuclear fuel and/or high-level radioactive waste; 10 cfr part - standard contract for disposal of spent nuclear fuel and/or high-level radioactive waste.

cfr ; prev | next. subpart a - general (§§ - ). The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) is the public law that creates the framework for the proper management of hazardous and non-hazardous solid law describes the waste management program mandated by Congress that gave EPA authority to develop the RCRA program.The Watkins decision neither discussed the fully authority of NWPA nor defined the extent of the federal government`s preemption of state regulation of nuclear waste disposal.

However, Watkins seems to solidify the rationale of other recent court decisions holdings that Congress has occupied the .What We Regulate. United States policies governing the permanent disposal of high-level radioactive waste are defined by the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of as amended.

This act specifies. that high-level radioactive waste will be disposed of underground, in a deep geologic repository and that Yucca Mountain, Nevada, will be the single candidate site for characterization as a potential.